Profile step 1 Shipment away from grown native potatoes regarding Andean part from Ecuador playing with DIVA GIS seven

Profile step 1 Shipment away from grown native potatoes regarding Andean part from Ecuador playing with DIVA GIS seven

5 (passport research away from selections inside the seventies and you may mid-eighties). A) Potato landraces delivery in the Ecuador. The research portion chosen because of it research provided: B) Province from Carchi (northern of the country), C) Province regarding Chimborazo (central a portion of the nation) and you may D) State regarding Loja (south of the nation).

This way, just how many farmers must meet the called for complete of fifty producers for every lookup town try hit

The earlier potato collection objectives on the seventies and 1980s yielded over eight hundred accessions of Ecuadorian potato landraces. These types of examples provided 82 accessions off Carchi, thirty-five off Chimborazo and you may 41 of Loja. However, usually, accessions was indeed lost and just 91 Ecuadorian potato landraces were still was able ex situ during the time the first range affairs to possess this research were performed for the 2006.

Since the carried out in the earlier choices, i explored the brand new cantons Espejo, Mira, Este Angel, Huaca, Montufar, San Gabriel and you can Tulcan in the Carchi; Chunchi, Colta, Guamote, Guano, Penipe and you may Riobamba from inside the Chimborazo (the canton Alausi was included in this range, not throughout the 70s-mid-eighties range), and you can Gonzanama, Loja and you may Saraguro into the Loja. The brand new choices implemented the fresh methodology already employed by INIAP or other gene banks ( Castillo and Herman, 1995 ). The latest growers was in fact advised of the reason for this research and you may it agreed to deliver the content to the loan companies. As there was no information about the individual producers that have been went to on the range missions on 1970s and eighties, pointers is attained in just about any mi-crocenter having farmers holding “old potato landraces”, to the presumption that snowball method perform submit particular information concerning the most recent proprietors out of landraces. The fresh research regarding landraces was not restricted to those already reported, but also for the readily available dated landraces. Immediately following collecting a particular landrace, any other landrace with the exact same term from other character in the an identical canton are discarded. Landraces was merely gathered when the morphological looks is actually (slightly) not the same hitwe Jak funguje as new word landrace. Every collection is actually an example of five to help you 10 tubers. After each and every collection excursion, the fresh new potato examples have been taken to the fresh INIAP-Santa Catalina Experimental Station when you look at the Quito for propagation and testing.

To collect information about for the-ranch potato preservation throughout the about three lookup components, a questionnaire with thirty two questions try waiting (Appendix 1). 50 (50) growers was basically chosen from inside the for each research city. Very first, every growers that given germplasm was basically interviewed. Next, this type of farmers was basically expected to indicate other potato farmers on area which were currently growing potato landraces otherwise was increasing him or her in the past. At picked farms, the latest interviews was basically through with sometimes women or men, centered on availability.

That it fieldwork is actually accomplished out-of

Three one-non-stop farmer group meetings was structured inside the per browse city: one in Tenta-Loja (), while the past one in Pisicaz-Chimborazo (). These types of conferences got three objectives: step one. to include producers with views regarding the surveys, dos. in order to explain some of the problems that arose regarding interview, step 3. to return landraces accumulated within the for every single investigation urban area towards producers. All the farmers mixed up in range and you may questionnaire techniques have been greeting.

The guidance regarding the surveys was processed in Do well database and you will exported to SPSS fifteen.0 to have data (SPSS Inc., USA). Descriptive analytics and you can bi-variate correlations (Pearson, two tailed) was accomplished.

The fresh new snowball techniques always select producers saving potato landraces are productive. This new growers in for each location discussed most other farmers that have certain landraces. Once checking all prospective farmers on the portion with landraces, except into the Chimborazo where a great deal more growers had landraces in their sphere, other landraces have been tracked for collection. During the basic trip to Carchi, fourteen accessions regarding potato landraces was in fact accumulated regarding the Montufar canton. A second excursion later that 12 months extra several other 38 landraces. To possess Chimborazo, INIAP-CIP used a profile goal at the beginning of 2006 so you’re able to one or two cantons: Colta and Guamote. At that time, 46 landraces had been amassed. A subservient collection carried out in 2008 various other cantons (Guano, Penipe, Rio-bamba, Alausi and Chunchi) triggered sixteen the fresh landraces. Within the Loja, while in the , 60 potato landraces have been obtained. A total of 174 landrace accessions had been accumulated from 17, twenty eight and you can 29 producers inside Carchi, Chimborazo and you can Loja, correspondingly. Producers broadening potato landraces had been scarcer for the Carchi and you will distribute in the Loja (and consequently more difficult to find), during Chimborazo all the producers (such as the indigenous organizations) left dated landraces within their sphere.

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